The Faculty of Medicine of LMU Munich particularly promotes the formation of interdisciplinary focal points, which cover a broad spectrum. Nevertheless, the aim is to focus on six research areas. They are summarized under the major topic "Biomedicine for Life and Quality of Life".
The focus of this research area is the investigation of the structures, functions and dynamics of proteins in cells and tissues. This involves a fundamental understanding of the role of proteins in the complex reactions that take place in the human body and are relevant for basic medical research. The function of proteins in the healthy body as well as in the disease process is investigated. The activities of this research column have decisively promoted the establishment of the Biomedical Centre. In this centre, research groups coming from the clinic are integrated and networked through partnerships with expert groups (such as the Max Planck Institutes for Biochemistry and Neurobiology).
Fight against cancer
Cancer is a widespread disease, which is why the Faculty of Medicine of LMU Munich has been pursuing a targeted strategy to combat malignant cancers for a long time. Several extremely successful clinical cooperation groups exist at the faculty, for example tumour therapy through hyperthermia, haematopoietic cell transplantation, pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia, molecular oncology and immunotherapy of urological tumours. These working groups are particularly dedicated to the further development of conventional therapies.
Vessels, Inflammation and Infection
Promoting the restoration of health after a serious illness is one of the central tasks of a medical faculty. This focus combines basic research with applied clinical research. Topics include viral functions and immune modulation, autoimmune reactions, embryonic and tissue-specific stem cells and endothelial infections.
The transplantation of organs such as the heart, kidneys, liver, pancreas and lungs, as well as bone marrow and stem cell transplants, is a constant innovation in regenerative medicine. A transplantation centre covering all organ systems has been set up at the University Hospital of Munich. Almost all fields of medicine work together here. Research topics include the ability to influence ischemia reperfusion damage that occurs when an organ has not been supplied with blood for a while, the prevention of graft failure and - due to the lack of donor organs - the development of organ replacement procedures.
This research work focuses on the decoding of central and peripheral neurodegenerative diseases. With the appointment of a chair for Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease research and the establishment of the Centre for Neuropathology and Prion Research, the faculty has established a corresponding focus.
Medicine for society
In view of the changed age structure, a dramatically changing working world and the constant growth in new technologies, health science issues are becoming increasingly important. In the focus "Medicine for Society", clinical and method-oriented institutions have been working together for years in an international network and with great success. The focus thus covers occupational and environmental medicine as well as forensic medicine, epidemiology, biometry, the history of medicine, social pediatrics, emergency medicine and medical management. Current topics of future-oriented health research include questions of prevention and care, especially for the chronically ill, dealing with disease risks in an aging society, health science genome research and integrated medical and economic evaluation in connection with clinical studies. The subject area thus ranges from the investigation of drug residues in drinking water to biomonitoring and all aspects of improving healthy nutrition to the problems of so-called Chinese medicine and the competition of different healing systems (for example public health). The activities in this area led to the establishment of the Munich Center of Health Sciences (MC-Health).